The Eternal Guru

Joining forces with the Mughals, the hill chiefs from around Punjab launched two attacks at Anandpur Sahib, and one at Nirmogarh. In all three battles, the combined forces of the hill kings and the Mughals were summarily defeated.

Soon a larger Mughal force was sent to capture Anandpur Sahib. The siege lasted many months until finally, the Mughals employed a devious scheme to have the Sikhs agree to a truce. Taking an oath on the Quran, they sent a message to the Guru, promising to end the war, if the Khalsa would evacuate Anandpur Sahib Fort.

While vacating the Fort, the Khalsa were ambushed on all sides by the invaders.

Guru Gobind Singh, his family and a small remnant of his army managed to escape by crossing the flooded Sirsa river, in which many precious scriptures were swept away.

Guru Gobind Singh then sent his two younger sons with his mother Mata Gujri and their trusted servant Gangu. He proceeded with his older sons to Chamkor Fort.

The siege of Chamkor Fort is a valiant tale of martyrdom of the Guru's two elder sons who emerged one by one from the Fort to fight the enemy. In the meanwhile, the two younger sons of the Guru were captured by the Wazir of Sirhand, and were walled alive. The defeat of his army and the loss of his four sons did not deter the Guru. In Deena Kangad, he composed his poetic work in Persian, the Zafarnama, addressed to Aurangzeb, declaring the moral victory of his Khalsa over the Mughals. At Khidrana, the Khalsa was aided by forty Sikhs in a fight to safe-guard the Guru from the Mughals. The martyrdom of these valorous forty Sikhs was commemorated and they were given the title of Chali Mukte.

The Guru's relentless devotion to the Khalsa is manifested in the response he gives to Mata Sundri at his court in Talwandi Sabo (Dumduma Sahib), when she urged him for the whereabouts of their sons. He said, "Look, and you will find a thousand sons around you." The Zafarnama moved an ailing Aurangzeb with guilt and remorse. Despite his successor, Bahadur Shah Zafar's attempt to reconcile with the Guru, the Khalsa decided to break all ties with him, when they sensed Bahadur Shah's reluctance to avenge the death of the Guru's younger sons. In Nanded, the Guru had a chance encounter with the hermit, Madho Das. Enlightened by the words of the Guru, Madho Das relinquished his ascetism, and was baptized and rechristened as Gurubaksh Singh, immortalized by Sikh folklore as Bunda Bahadur, the valiant warrior. Before becoming one with the Almighty, Guru Gobind Singh held court, and addressing his devotees, declared that henceforth the Guru Granth Sahib would be the only Guru of all Sikhs. The Guru would reveal himself as the verses of the Granth.

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