Virasat-e-Khalsa

GALLERY 12: Martyrdom Of Guru Tegh Bahadur & The Guruship Of Guru Gobind


Guru Tegh Bahadur, establishing his seat at Chak Nanki in Makhawal, set out to spread the message of Sikhism to the East. It was in Patna where he left his family to continue his travels. In Dhaka he was given the news of the birth of his son, whom he called Gobind.

After travelling for three years, Guru Tegh Bahadur made his way back to Chak Nanki with his family. It was here that Gobind was educated. Apart from mastering Sanskrit, Punjabi, Persian and Hindustani, he also acquired knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. Guru Tegh Bahadur also made sure that his son was trained in the arts of weaponry and martial combat.

Kashmiri Pandits, terrorized by Aurangzeb's brutal regime to convert the Hindus to Islam, came to Anandpur Sahib to seek shelter under the Guru, who decided to be their shield.

The Pandits were advised to convey to the Mughal command that they would convert to Islam only if the Mughals were able to convert Guru Tegh Bahadur. Bestowing the Guruship on Gobind, Guru Tegh Bahadur left for Delhi to offer the Supreme Sacrifice to protect the faith of the weak and suffering.

No sword could wrest or carve the faith of the Guru. The crowd may have looked on with tears of misery, but history has proclaimed the victory of his martyrdom. Bhai Jaita picked up the severed head of the Guru and, concealing it in his garments, brought it to Guru Gobind at Anandpur. The Guru embraced him saying, "You have in this stormy night, brought the sun. But now such a time has come that the melody of Nanak's chants must be accompanied by the clamour of swords."


Guru Gobind continued to strengthen the Sikhs as a strong military force, skilled in archery, horsemanship and swordsmanship, while simultaneously retaining the spiritual pursuits of the faith. A poet and writer himself, he also patronized poets and sages who composed and preached in Punjabi, Brij, Sanskrit and Persian. The Guru was therefore all in one – a saint, a poet and a warrior.

Threatened by the Guru's growing influence, the hill chiefs of the small kingdoms around the Punjab plains launched a military assault at Ponta Sahib. The Sikh army responded and at the Battle of Bhangiani, defeated the hill chiefs, forcing them to retreat.

Military threats to Anandpur Sahib compelled Guru Gobind to the area to fortify the area.

He also initiated the training of his troops in modern weaponry of the time, the first muskets and shotguns. Armed with a strong Khalsa battalion, the Guru assisted Rajput King, Raja Bhim Singh to defeat the Mughal army at the Battle of Nadaun.

Threatened by the Guru's growing influence, the hill chiefs of the small kingdoms around the Punjab plains launched a military assault at Ponta Sahib. The Sikh army responded and at the Battle of Bhangiani, defeated the hill chiefs, forcing them to retreat.

Military threats to Anandpur Sahib compelled Guru Gobind to the area to fortify the area. He also initiated the training of his troops in modern weaponry of the time, the first muskets and shotguns. Armed with a strong Khalsa battalion, the Guru assisted Rajput King, Raja Bhim Singh to defeat the Mughal army at the Battle of Nadaun.

Guru Gobind was a warrior and a strategist, with a captivating and charismatic personality. His court was renowned for offering shelter to the helpless and forlorn. Those who suffered at the hands of the Mughals or even corrupt Massands, the Sikh tax collectors, came to Guru Gobind.



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